Screening involves the detection of cancer through diagnostic test(s) performed before any symptoms occur. There is no standard or routine screening test for prostate cancer. Test for prostate cancer detection are still being tested but, for the time being, the main tests are:
- Digital Rectal Exam - The doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum and feels the prostate through the rectal wall (seen above). The prostate is checked for hard or lumpy areas or anything unusual.
- Blood test for PSA (Prostate-specific Antigen) - A lab checks the level of PSA in a man's blood sample. A high PSA level is commonly caused by BPH ( Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) or inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis). However, high levels of PSA in men also give a possible indication of prostate cancer.